S.B. 273 An Act Creating A Task Force to Consider Dual Delivery of State-Administered Human Services by Community Nonprofit Agencies
DATE: March 5, 2020
TO: Human Services Committee
FROM: Ben Shaiken, Manager of Advocacy & Public Policy, The Alliance
RE: S.B. 273 An Act Creating A Task Force to Consider Dual Delivery of State-Administered Human Services by Community Nonprofit Agencies
Good morning Senator Moore, Representative Abercrombie, Senator Logan, Representative Case, and members of the Human Services Committee.
My name is Ben Shaiken, Manager of Advocacy & Public Policy at the CT Community Nonprofit Alliance (The Alliance). The Alliance is the statewide association of community nonprofits. Community nonprofits provide essential services in every city and town in Connecticut, serving half a million people in need and employing 117,000 people across the State. They are an important part of what makes Connecticut a great place to live and work and an important piece of our economy.
The Alliance supports S.B. 273 An Act Creating A Task Force to Consider Dual Delivery of State-Administered Human Services by Community Nonprofit Agencies, which would create a task to make recommendations for how to deliver more services in the nonprofit sector on a more cost-efficient and effective basis. Given the reality that thousands of state employees will retire by 2022, and the State should use that opportunity to redesign the service system into to be more modern, efficient and sustainable.
Put simply, Connecticut’s community nonprofits can help the state control the growth of health care costs. They can deliver quality services to the people of Connecticut at less cost than if the same services are delivered directly by the State. The savings from conversion of services to community nonprofits can be reinvested in the service-delivery system, meaning more people can be helped.
Community nonprofits provide services more efficiently while maintaining quality, achieving significant savings for the State. This is true even when salaries are increased for nonprofit employees. For example, nonprofits negotiate medical and dental insurance every year, while the State is locked into a contract. Nonprofits also don’t have long-term debt obligations associated with healthcare and retirement payments and can more easily manage overtime.
Intellectual/Developmental Disability Services
The average annual cost to serve an individual with intellectual/developmental disabilities living in a state-operated group home was $265,000, according to the General Assembly’s Program Review & Investigations (PRI) Committee. The cost for a community nonprofit to provide the same service was $113,000. That means the State would have saved $152,000 per person per year by providing group home services in the community compared to state provision of the same services.
Community providers deliver high quality care. The same PRI study looked at the experience of 17 group homes that had been converted from state to nonprofit operation and found that quality does not deteriorate in private, nonprofit settings and, in many cases, improves. Community based homes received nearly 40% fewer deficiencies when inspected compared to when the same homes were run by state government, and that only 13% of the nonprofit homes were cited for “plan of correction” deficiencies, while 38% of state-run homes were cited. The report goes on to conclude that, “in all categories there were fewer deficiencies after the conversion to private (nonprofit) homes.”
Local Mental Health Authorities
Local Mental Health Authorities (LMHA) provide therapeutic and crisis intervention services to Connecticut’s most seriously mentally ill. Of the thirteen LMHAs, seven are run by community nonprofits and six are state-operated. The per-patient cost of state-operated LMHAs is more than double the cost of nonprofit LMHAs. The average cost-per-client for state-operated LMHAs in FY16 was $12,638 per year, compared to $5,330 for nonprofit LMHAs.
The state can save more than $7,000 per client per year if it converted LMHAs to nonprofit operation. With almost 14,000 clients served by state-operated LMHAs in FY16, converting services to providers can result in savings that can be used to serve more people in need of behavioral health services, especially important in the midst of an opioid crisis.
Foster Care Service Delivery
Foster care services are provided by both the State and community providers, making the delivery of services costly and inefficient. Nonprofits can provide high quality services for all the children currently in the foster care system. The State’s roles as both provider and regulator of foster care services has created an environment in which nonprofits must compete with the State to recruit and retain foster families. These parallel systems maintain two separate silos of information for children in the foster care system. Shifting the delivery of foster care services into the community and creating a single system for all children would create the opportunity to better address children’s needs.
Thank you for your time and consideration of these important issues. We urge the Committee to support S.B. 273.
Manager of Advocacy & Public Policy
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